Evidence Based Psychological
Finding a Treatment That Works
Psychotherapists may have received their trainings from different “school of thoughts” or treatment approaches on how to effectively reduce clients’ psychological symptoms and functional impairments. Some of these treatment approaches are based on scientific evidence that indicates success in symptom reduction and improvement in quality of life for a significant number of individuals suffering from the same problems. However, some treatments are offered with little or no scientific evidence.
At Wise Mind Centre, our clinical counselors and registered psychologists provide Cognitive Behaviorial Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy through virtual and online sessions as well as in-person at our Burnaby and Vancouver clinics. We are committed to provide evidence-based psychological treatments with competence and compassion. Evidence-based practice refers to adherence to psychological treatment approaches and strategies that are based on scientific evidence.
Evidence Based Psychological Treatments
Behavioral therapy is a therapeutic approach that uses behavioral techniques to eliminate unwanted behaviors. It is rooted in the principles of behaviorism, emphasizing that we learn from our environment. Unlike insight-based therapies, behavioral therapy is action-oriented and highly focused. It aims to teach new behaviors to address specific issues. Types include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), applied behavior analysis, and exposure therapy.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, and behavior activation are some of the most commonly-used evidence-based treatment approaches for psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder among children, adolescents and adults.
For more information about what CBT is and what to expect from CBT, please visit the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Behavior Therapies website.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Another approach that has shown promises for difficult-to-treat psychological problems is dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). DBT is an effective treatment for individuals with emotion dysregulation problems who often rely on ineffective, sometimes self destructive, and/or avoidance strategies to cope (e.g., substance use, self harm, binge eating, gambling).
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an action-oriented psychotherapy approach. It combines elements from traditional behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Clients learn to accept their inner emotions and commit to making necessary changes in their behavior, regardless of life circumstances. ACT aims to develop psychological flexibility, emphasizing acceptance, mindfulness, and values.
For more information about what ACT is, please visit ACT for the Public.
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are therapeutic practices that incorporate mindfulness and awareness techniques. They aim to cultivate present-moment attention, reduce stress, and enhance overall well-being. MBIs are utilized in various contexts, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to improve mental and emotional health. These interventions deliberately focus on the present moment, encouraging non-judgmental awareness and acceptance of experiences.
For more information about mindfulness-based intervention, please visit the UCSD Centre for Mindfulness.
Trauma-informed care shifts the focus from “What’s wrong with you?” to “What happened to you?” It acknowledges that health care providers need a complete picture of a patient’s life situation — past and present — to provide effective care. It emphasizes safety, trust, and sensitivity, focusing on understanding and responding to the unique needs of trauma survivors. This approach aims to promote healing, resilience, and recovery while avoiding re-traumatization.
To learn more about about what trauma-informed care is, please visit Trauma-Informed Care Implementation Resource Centre.
Exposure-based therapy is a psychological treatment approach used to alleviate anxiety disorders, such as phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It involves systematic and controlled exposure to anxiety-inducing situations or stimuli to help individuals confront their fears, reduce avoidance behavior, and learn to manage their distress, ultimately promoting desensitization and symptom reduction.
Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE)
Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE) is a specific form of cognitive-behavioral therapy designed to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It involves gradually exposing individuals to traumatic memories and situations they’ve been avoiding, helping them process and reduce the distress associated with these memories. PE aims to improve coping and reduce PTSD symptoms.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy approach primarily used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other trauma-related conditions. It involves guided eye movements or other bilateral stimulation while patients recall distressing memories. EMDR aims to help reprocess traumatic experiences, reducing their emotional impact and associated symptoms.
Gottman Method Marital Therapy
The Gottman Method is a science-based approach to couples therapy developed in the 1980s and 90s by Drs. John and Julie Gottman. It involves a thorough assessment of the couple’s relationship, informing a tailored therapeutic framework. The method aims to help couples manage conflict and remove barriers to intimacy.
To learn more about about the effectiveness of the Gottman Method marital therapy and who benefits from it, please visit Gottman Love Lab.
The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change
To be beautiful means to be yourself. You don’t need to be accepted by others. You need to accept yourself
Thich Nhat Hanh
Getting over a painful experience is much like crossing monkey bars. You have to let go at some point in order to move forward
C. S. Lewis